I am working as a freelance software developer in Germany, and I need to know if I should be charging a South African client VAT or not. I have found out the answer for Germany, other EU states, USA and Australia, but does anyone know specifically for South Africa?

Thank you!

  • I’m curious – what is the case for charging VAT to the countries you know about, like Australia and US?
    – Mischinab
    Commented Jul 4, 2018 at 10:41
  • No, there is no case - from what I read you should not charge VAT to those countries, if invoicing from an EU country...I assumed South Africa would be the same but could not find specific info confirming it. Commented Jul 4, 2018 at 13:03
  • Thanks for the info. I work with some clients in Vietnam, and my accountant advised that for that country I do need to collect VAT (I am based in Germany). So it seems to be something related to tax treaties or something like that.
    – Mischinab
    Commented Jul 4, 2018 at 15:46
  • As far as I know, for an invoicer in the EU, the rule is to charge VAT to a local invoicee, reverse VAT for a EU invoicee and no VAT outside EU.
    – user4521
    Commented Sep 3, 2018 at 19:10

1 Answer 1


In Denmark, the answer would be no for all those countries.

However, when submitting the quarterly/semi-annual VAT to the authorities, one must also register the amount of non-VAT sales (EU and non-EU).

  • 1
    Thank you - to your knowledge should the same rules apply for all EU states (i.e., the same would likely be true in Germany)? Commented Jul 4, 2018 at 13:03
  • 1
    @JosephCLawrence: I would imagine so, but am not an accountant - merely a one-man freelance shop having billed clients in Sweden and the UK
    – morsor
    Commented Jul 4, 2018 at 13:05

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